18 Scopus citations


Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can provide univentricular or biventricular cardiac, as well as respiratory, support; it has extended the application of ECMO to infants and children who develop refractory cardiogenic shock before or after repair of congenital heart defects. The Pediatric Cardiac ECMO Registry, recently established by the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization, reports an overall survival rate of 47%. All were believed to have little chance of survival without mechanical support. ECMO has also been used for perioperative cardiac support after cardiac transplant. Hemorrhage remains the most common complication of ECMO. The future of ECMO for cardiac support depends on development of methods to prevent cardiac failure, improved ECMO techniques, and increased pediatric cardiac transplantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)751-753
Number of pages3
JournalASAIO Journal
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering


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