By drawing on the work of Jacobs (1961), we hypothesize that public contact among neighborhood residents while engaged in day-to-day routines, captured by the aggregate network structure of shared local exposure, is consequential for crime. Neighborhoods in which residents come into contact more extensively in the course of conventional routines will exhibit higher levels of public familiarity, trust, and collective efficacy with implications for the informal social control of crime. We employ the concept of ecological (“eco-”) networks—networks linking households within neighborhoods through shared activity locations—to formalize the notion of overlapping routines. By using microsimulations of household travel patterns to construct census tract-level eco-networks for Columbus, OH, we examine the hypothesis that eco-network intensity (the probability that households tied through one location in a neighborhood eco-network will also be tied through another visited location) is negatively associated with tract-level crime rates (N = 192). Fitted spatial autoregressive models offer evidence that neighborhoods with higher intensity eco-networks exhibit lower levels of violent and property crime. In contrast, a higher prevalence of nonresident visitors to a given tract is positively associated with property crime. The results of these analyses hold the potential to enrich insight into the ecological processes that shape variation in neighborhood crime.
|Number of pages||25|
|State||Published - Nov 2017|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (5R01DA025415), the OSU Institute for Population Research (NICHD P2CHD058484), the W.T. Grant Foundation, and the National Science Foundation (DMS-1209161). Thanks to Ruth Peterson and Andrew Papachristos for helpful advice on earlier versions of the article. Thanks also to Jenny Piquette for assistance with data management and measure construction. Direct correspondence to Christopher R. Browning, Department of Sociology, The Ohio State University, 238 Townshend Hall, 1885 Neil Ave Mall, Columbus, OH 43210 (e-mail: browning. firstname.lastname@example.org).
© 2017 American Society of Criminology
- activity space
- ecological network
- social disorganization
- social networks
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine