Economic and CO2 impacts of alternative power sources for electricity generation by 2040 in New Brunswick, Canada

Chinmay Sharma, Van Lantz, Patrick Withey, Galen McMonagle, Thomas O. Ochuodho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Incoming Federal Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emission regulations in Canada will require a phase-out of coal-fired electricity production within the next decade or so. To illustrate the economic impacts of such shifts in electricity generation, we develop a dynamic computable general equilibrium model for province of New Brunswick (NB) that reflects the role that coal, natural gas, nuclear, hydro, wind, and biofuel utilities play in producing electricity. We consider future scenarios where coal utilities are phased-out and replaced with alternative energy sources. Our findings indicate that phasing-out coal-fired electricity generation in NB will result in small reductions in present value Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (at 0.38%) and large reductions in CO2 emissions (at 14.6%) relative to business-as-usual conditions by 2040. Re-investing in alternative energy sources will result in even smaller reductions in present value GDP (ranging from 0.23 to 0.32%), consumption (0.11%–0.17%) and investment (0.12%-0.16%). We show that the most cost-efficient way to reduce emissions and maximize consumer welfare is by re-investing capital from coal-fired generation to nuclear (at $23.95/tonne of CO2, on average), with hydro a close second (at $26.54/tonne of CO2, on average). In answering these questions, we make several contributions to the: i) we are the first to disaggregate electricity generation into its constituent parts in the IO table in an Atlantic Canadian context, ii) we are the first to compute the cost effectiveness of various electricity futures in NB; and iii) we are the first to systematically assess the Canadian government's plan of divestment from coal-fired technologies in a dynamic setting.

Original languageEnglish
Article number131170
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
StatePublished - May 1 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency’s Atlantic Innovation Fund

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd


  • CGE models
  • Climate change
  • Economic impacts
  • Renewable Energy Expansion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Building and Construction
  • Environmental Science (all)
  • Strategy and Management
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Economic and CO2 impacts of alternative power sources for electricity generation by 2040 in New Brunswick, Canada'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this