EE-SPFAL: A Novel Energy-Efficient Secure Positive Feedback Adiabatic Logic for DPA Resistant RFID and Smart Card

S. DInesh Kumar, Himanshu Thapliyal, Azhar Mohammad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


The emergence of Internet of Things (IoT) have increased the need of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) and smart cards that are energy-efficient and secure against Differential Power Analysis (DPA) attacks. Adiabatic logic is one of the circuit design techniques that can be used to design energy-efficient and secure hardware. However, the existing DPA resistant adiabatic logic families suffer from non-adiabatic energy loss. Therefore, this work presents a novel adiabatic logic family called Energy-Efficient Secure Positive Feedback Adiabatic Logic (EE-SPFAL) family that reduces the non-adiabatic energy loss and also is secure against DPA attacks. The proposed EE-SPFAL is used to design logic gates such as buffers, XOR, and NAND. Further, the logic gates based on EE-SPFAL are used to implement a Positive Polarity Reed Muller (PPRM) architecture based S-box circuit. SPICE simulations at 12.5 MHz show that EE-SPFAL based S-box circuit saves up to 65 percent of energy and 90 percent of energy per cycle as compared to the S-box circuit implemented using existing Secured Quasi-Adiabatic Logic (SQAL) and conventional CMOS logic, respectively. Further, the security of EE-SPFAL based S-box circuit has been evaluated by performing the DPA attack through SPICE simulations. We proved that the EE-SPFAL based S-box circuit is resistant to a DPA attack through a developed DPA attack flow applicable to SPICE simulations. Further, we have implemented the one round of Advanced Standard Encryption (AES) algorithm and we found that one round of EE-SPFAL logic based AES consumes uniform current with different input plain texts. Low energy consumption and security against DPA attacks makes EE-SPFAL logic a suitable candidate to implement in IoT devices such as RFID and smart cards.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7797192
Pages (from-to)281-293
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Emerging Topics in Computing
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2019


  • Adiabatic computing
  • cryptographic circuits
  • hardware security
  • IoT devices
  • low-power
  • side-channel attacks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Information Systems
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Science Applications


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