Glutathione is able to protect membrane proteins from oxidative stress. In ischemia/reperfusion injury, free radicals cause synaptosomal membrane protein and lipid oxidation that is prevented by the free radical scavenger N-tert-butyl-α-phenylnitrone (Hall N. C. et al. (1995) Neuroscience 64, 81-89; 69, 591-600). We wondered if diminution of glutathione would lead to further membrane alterations. Accordingly, the effects of glutathione depletion, by intraperitoneal administration of 2-cyclohexene-1-one, on the physical state of cortical synaptosomal membrane proteins and lipids, with and without global ischemia/reperfusion, were studied in vivo and in vitro in adult and aged gerbils utilizing electron paramagnetic resonance spectrometry. 2-Cyclohexene-1-one (100 mg/kg, i.p.) was administered 30 min prior to 10-min ischemia followed by 1 or 14 h reperfusion. This glutathione reduction agent was also administered to gerbils under the same temporal schedule in the absence of ischemia and compared to untreated controls. Synaptosomal membranes were labeled with a protein-specific spin label, 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-maleimidopiperidine-1-oxyl or a lipid-specific spin probe, 5-doxylstearic acid. There were no significant changes in the physical state of the lipid portion of synaptosomal membranes when comparing ischemia reperfusion and 2-cyclohexene-1-one-treated ischemia reperfusion in either the adult or aged gerbils. However, glutathione depletion without ischemia/reperfusion caused significant changes in the physical state of the protein portion of cortical synaptosomal membranes in both the adult and aged models. Glutathione depletion, without ischemia/reperfusion, in the adult model showed a maximum change at 3 h that returned to control values by 14 h. In contrast, the aged model showed significant changes at 1 h reperfusion, which did not return to control values by 14 h reperfusion. Glutathione depletion combined with ischemia/reperfusion caused initial protein change in both adult and aged models at 1 h reperfusion, which did not return toward control values by 14 h reperfusion. The results of this study suggest that glutathione depletion increases the severity of membrane protein damage associated with ischemia/reperfusion injury.
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Jan 6 1997|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported in part by grants from the National Institutes of Health (AG-10836; AG-05119).
- Electron paramagnetic resonance
- Spin label
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Neuroscience (all)