Estrogens exert many of their behavioral effects by binding to nuclear estrogen receptor (ER) proteins, ERα and ERβ. Recent studies involving ER knockout mice and selective ER agonists suggest that estradiol's anorexigenic effect is mediated via activation of ERα. To investigate this hypothesis, we examined whether the presumptive ERα antagonist, MPP, could block estradiol's anorexigenic effect. In the first series of experiments, the effects of MPP on food intake and uterine weight were monitored in ovariectomized (OVX) rats treated with either a physiological dose of estradiol benzoate (EB) or a selective ERα agonist (PPT). In the final experiment, food intake was monitored following acute administration of MPP in ovarian-intact (cycling) female rats. Contrary to our hypothesis, MPP failed to attenuate either EB's or PPT's ability to decrease food intake and increase uterine weight in OVX rats. However, in ovarian-intact rats, a similar regimen of MPP treatment attenuated the phasic decrease in food intake that is associated with estrus. We conclude that MPP may be a useful tool to investigate the behavioral actions of endogenous estradiol, but may have limited utility in studying the behavioral effects of exogenous estradiol in OVX rats.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Physiology and Behavior|
|State||Published - May 25 2009|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by grants from the NIH: DK-073936 (LAE) and NS-062667 (JS).
- Estrogen receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
- Behavioral Neuroscience