Effect of alloxan-diabetes and subsequent treatment with insulin on lipid/phospholipid composition of rat brain microsomes and mitochondria

Samir P. Patel, Surendra S. Katyare

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Early and late effects of alloxan-diabetes of lipid/phospholipid composition of rat brain microsomes and mitochondria were examined. In microsomes, early as well as late diabetic stages resulted in decrease in contents of total phospholipids (TPL) and increase in cholesterol (CHL). Insulin treatment restored TPL with further increase in CHL in 1 week group. In early diabetic stage there was increase in the sphingomyelin (SPM) while phosphatidylinositol (PI) and phosphatidylserine (PS) components decreased. Insulin treatment restored SPM and decreased the lysophospholipids (Lyso), PI, PS and phosphatidic acid (PA); phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) increased. In 1 month diabetic group phosphatidylcholine (PC) decreased while PI, PS and PE increased. Insulin treatment lowered the Lyso, SPM, PI, PS and PA while PC and PE increased. In mitochondria, at early stage of diabetes both CHL and TPL contents decreased; insulin treatment restored the former component. Late diabetic stage had no effect on CHL and TPL contents; insulin treatment brought about reduction in both. Diabetic state had marginal effect on phospholipid composition at both the stages. Insulin treatment had a generalized effect of lowering of PI and PS components and increasing diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG). The fluidity of microsomal membranes decreased progressively in the diabetic condition; insulin treatment fluidized the membrane at early stage. The fluidity of mitochondrial membranes increased in early diabetic stage and the effect was accentuated by insulin treatment. However, at the late stage the effects on membrane fluidity were marginal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-134
Number of pages6
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Volume399
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2006

Keywords

  • Alloxan-diabetes
  • Brain microsomes
  • Brain mitochondria
  • Insulin status
  • Membrane fluidity
  • Phospholipid composition in diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (all)

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