Effect of alternating electric current on the nanoindentation of copper

Guangfeng Zhao, Fuqian Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Electromechanical interaction determines the structural reliability of electronic interconnects. Using the nanoindentation technique, the effect of alternating electric current on the indentation deformation of copper strips was studied for the indentation load in a range of 100 to 1600 μN at room temperature. During the test, an alternating electric current of the electric current density in a range of 1.25 to 4.88 kA/cm2 was passed through the copper strips. The indentation results showed that the reduced contact modulus decreased linearly with increasing the electric current density. The indentation hardness decreased with increasing the indentation deformation, demonstrating the normal indentation size effect. Using the model of strain gradient plasticity, we found that the strain gradient underneath the indentation decreased slightly with increasing the electric current density for the same indentation depth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)553-559
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing
Issue number3
StatePublished - Nov 2012

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work is supported by NSF through Grant No. CMMI 0800018.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (all)
  • Materials Science (all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of alternating electric current on the nanoindentation of copper'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this