Effect of critical care complications on perioperative mortality and hospital length of stay after hepatectomy: A multicenter analysis of 21,443 patients

Eduardo Chacon, Valery Vilchez, Pedro Eman, Francesc Marti, Gareth Morris-Stiff, Adam Dugan, Lilia Turcios, Roberto Gedaly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine predictors of critical care complications (CCC) in patients undergoing hepatectomy. Methods: All hepatectomy patients in NSQIP from 2012 to 2016 were analyzed. CCC included prolonged ventilation (>48 h), sepsis/septic shock, renal failure/insufficiency, cardiac arrest/AMI and pulmonary embolism. Results: A total of 21,443 patients underwent hepatectomy during the study period. Overall rate of CCC was 11%, with the most common being sepsis/septic shock (6.1%) and respiratory failure (4.9%). On multivariate analysis the preoperative risk factors associated with CCC included ASA Class IV-V (OR:2.04, p < 0.0001), diabetes (OR = 1.28, p = 0.0001), pre-operative ventilator use (OR: 17.75, p = 0.0003); COPD (OR: 1.65, p < 0.0001); pre-operative weight loss >10% (OR: 1.35, p = 0.0026); pre-operative sepsis (OR: 2.14, p < 0.0001). Propensity score matched analysis demonstrated a significant increased risk of mortality in patients with CCC (OR: 26.75, p < 0.0001) and a prolonged LOS of 10.5 days above the mean (β Estimate: 10.51, p < 0.0001). Conclusions: ASA class, diabetes, COPD, pre-operative weight loss >10% and pre-operative sepsis are the strongest predictors of CCC after hepatectomy. The presence of CCC significantly increased the risk of peri-operative mortality 26-fold.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-156
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgery
Volume218
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier Inc.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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