Effect of DC current on tensile creep of pure tin

Guangfeng Zhao, Fuqian Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


The tensile creep of tin was performed in a temperature range of 323-423K and under the tensile stress of 1.93-13.89MPa. During the constant-load tensile creep test, a direct electric current of electric current density in the range from 0 to 3.78kA/cm2 was passed through the tin specimen, which introduced electrical-thermal-mechanical interaction. A quasi-steady state creep deformation was observed under the simultaneous action of electrical current and tensile stress. The minimum creep rate increased with the increase in temperature, tensile stress and electrical current density. For the same tensile stress and the same chamber temperature, the minimum creep rate increased linearly with the square of the electric current density. A power-law relation was used to describe the stress dependence of the minimum creep rate for the tensile creep of tin. The passage of an electric current of high current density caused the rise of local temperature through the release of Joule heat and introduced the momentum exchange between high-speed mobile electrons and lattice atoms, which resulted in the increase of local grain rotation and grain boundary sliding. The electric current density had no significant effect on the stress exponent and activation energy of the tensile creep of tin for the experimental conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-104
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering: A
StatePublished - Jan 3 2014

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the NSF through Grant no. CMMI 0800018 . The authors gratefully acknowledge Dr. Paul T. Vianco of Sandia National Laboratories for helpful comments regarding the research work.


  • Creep
  • Electric current
  • Tin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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