Effect of exogenous and endogenous antioxidants on 3-nitropropionic acid-induced in vivo oxidative stress and striatal lesions: Insights into Huntington's disease

Michael A. La Fontaine, James W. Geddes, Andrea Banks, D. Allan Butterfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

118 Scopus citations

Abstract

3-Nitropropionic acid (3-NP) is an irreversible inhibitor of complex II in the mitochondria. 3-NP toxicity has gained acceptance as an animal model of Huntington's disease (HD). In the present study, we confirmed that rats injected with 3-NP (20 mg/kg, i.p., daily for 4 days) exhibit increased oxidative stress in both striatum and cortical synaptosomes as well as lesions in the striatum. Synaptosomal membrane proteins from rats injected with 3-NP exhibited a decrease in W/S ratio, the relevant electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) parameter used to determine levels of protein oxidation, and western blot analysis for protein carbonyls revealed direct evidence of increased synaptosomal protein oxidation. Treatment of rats with the brain-accessible free radical spin trap 5-diethoxyphosphoryl-5-methyl-1-pyrroline N-oxide (DEPMPO; 30 mg/kg, i.p., daily 2 h before 3-NP injection) or with N-acetylcysteine (NAC; 100 mg/kg, i.p., daily 2 h before 3-NP injection), a known glutathione precursor, before 3-NP treatments protects against oxidative damage induced by 3-NP as measured by EPR and western blot analysis for protein carbonyls. Furthermore, both DEPMPO and NAC treatments before 3-NP administration significantly reduce striatal lesion volumes. These data suggest oxidative damage is a prerequisite for striatal lesion formation and that antioxidant treatment may be a useful therapeutic strategy against 3-NP neurotoxicity and perhaps against HD as well.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1709-1715
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume75
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Keywords

  • 3-Nitropropionic acid
  • 5-Diethoxyphosphoryl-5-methyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide
  • Electron paramagnetic resonance
  • Glutathione
  • Huntington's disease
  • N-Acety lcysteine
  • Oxidative stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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