Effect of improved diabetes control on the expression of lipoprotein lipase in human adipose tissue

R. B. Simsolo, J. M. Ong, B. Saffari, P. A. Kern

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69 Scopus citations


Patients with diabetes commonly manifest hypertriglyceridemia along with decreased adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity, and improved diabetes control tends to reverse these abnormalities. To better understand the mechanism of regulation of LPL in diabetes, 11 diabetic patients (3 type I, 8 type II) were brought under improved glycemic control, and adipose tissue LPL gene expression was assessed by performing paired fat biopsies. Six of the 11 patients attained improved control with insulin, with a decrease in glycohemoglobin (glyc Hgb) from 13.8 ± 0.9 to 10.4 ± 0.6%; 5 patients attained improved control with glyburide (glyc Hgb fell from 14.2 ± 2.4 to 8.8 ± 0.6%), and together they demonstrated a lowering of serum triglycerides and total cholesterol. No changes were observed in HDL cholesterol. Improved diabetes control resulted in a significant increase in LPL activity in both the heparin-releasable (HR) and extractable (EXT) fractions of adipose tissue, as well as in LPL immunoreactive mass. The change in LPL activity with improved control was variable, and showed a positive correlation with the HDL levels prior to treatment (r = 0.74, P < 0.02). When adipose tissue was pulse-labeled with [35S]methionine, there was an increase in isotope incorporation into LPL after treatment, indicating an increase in LPL synthetic rate. However, improved diabetes control resulted in no significant change in LPL mRNA levels. Thus, improved glycemic control resulted in an increase in LPL activity which correlated with each patient's basal high density lipoprotein. This increase in LPL activity was accompanied by an increase in LPL immunoreactive mass, and an increase in LPL synthesis. Since there was no change in LPL mRNA levels, these data suggest that LPL regulation in these patients occurs at a translational level or through a possible change in degradation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-95
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1992


  • glyburide
  • high density lipoprotein
  • insulin
  • messenger RNA
  • translation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology


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