Tobacco plants can be used for the production of proteins for pharmaceutical applications. One of the most difficult and expensive tasks associated with this technology is isolating the product of interest from the hundreds of other chemicals found in tobacco. We describe a new recovery strategy in which the protein of interest is "tagged" with a histidine structure, which forms a complex with metal ions and a surfactant that will accumulate in the foamate of a foam fractionation step. His-gus, a histidine-tagged enzyme, was selectively recovered in the presence of two different surfactants and two different metal ions. The foam fractionation with N-ε-dodecylamido-N-α, N-α,-bis(carboxymethyl)-L-lysine surfactant and Ni2+ ions resulted in an average His-gus activity recovery value of 88% and an activity enrichment of 2.27. The performance of the recovery strategy without tobacco extract resulted in an average activity recovery value of 63.32% and an average activity enrichment value of 5.16, utilizing lauroyl ethylenediaminetriacetate surfactant and Ni2+ ions. It was shown that even though a majority of the native tobacco proteins are removed during the prefoaming step, the presence of tobacco extract does affect the recovery of His-gus.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology - Part A Enzyme Engineering and Biotechnology|
|State||Published - Oct 2004|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We wish to thank Jeremie Wade and Courtney Fisk for their help in performing the experiments. The original paper (04-05-104) reports results of an investigation by the Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station and is published with the approval of the director. We greatly appreciate the financial support provided by the Kentucky Science and Engineering Foundation (KSEF-148-502-02-07).
- Downstream processing
- Histidine-tagged protein
- Protein recovery
- Tobacco extract
- Transgenic tobacco
- Yeast extract
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Biology