Effect of LPS treatment on the viability and chemokine synthesis by epithelial cells and gingival fibroblasts

F. G. Basso, D. G. Soares, T. N. Pansani, A. P.S. Turrioni, D. L. Scheffel, C. A. De Souza Costa, J. Hebling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Objective Several local factors can affect the wound-healing process, delaying its progression and postponing tissue homeostasis. It is known that local inflammation is related to wound healing; however, the maintenance of the inflammatory reaction can impair the proliferation and migration of oral mucosal cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate the viability and chemokine expression of epithelial cells and gingival fibroblasts exposed to long-term lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treatment. Design Epithelial cells (HaCaT, Cell Lines Service, 300493) and human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) were seeded (1 × 105 cells/well) in 24-well plates and incubated for 24 h. To simulate the responses of cells to a local chronic oral mucosal inflammation, we added LPS of Escherichia coli (10 μg/ml) to Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM), kept in contact with fibroblasts and epithelial cells for 24, 48, and 72 h. Then the cells were assessed for viability (alamarBlue assay), number (trypan blue assay), and expression of CCL2 and CCL5 inflammatory chemokines (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)). Data were statistically analyzed by nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests at a significance level of 5%. Results Cell treatment with LPS caused significant decrease in viability for both cell lines. No time-dependent effect was observed for epithelial cells. However, reduction in fibroblast viability was greater at 48 and 72 h. CCL2 and CCL5 synthesis was significantly increased for both LPS-treated cells, and this expression decreased with time. Conclusion The maintenance of an inflammatory cell stimulus by LPS decreases the number and viability of cultured oral mucosal cells, which may be related to delayed wound healing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1117-1121
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Oral Biology
Issue number8
StatePublished - May 30 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
©2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


  • Epithelial cells
  • Fibroblasts
  • Inflammation
  • Wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • General Dentistry
  • Cell Biology


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