The transient receptor potential (TrpA—ankyrin) receptor has been linked to pathological conditions in cardiac function in mammals. To better understand the function of the TrpA1 in regulation of the heart, a Drosophila melanogaster model was used to express TrpA1 in heart and body wall muscles. Heartbeat of in intact larvae as well as hearts in situ, devoid of hormonal and neural input, indicate that strong over-expression of TrpA1 in larvae at 30 or 37◦C stopped the heart from beating, but in a diastolic state. Cardiac function recovered upon cooling after short exposure to high temperature. Parental control larvae (UAS-TrpA1) increased heart rate transiently at 30 and 37◦C but slowed at 37◦C within 3 min for in-situ preparations, while in-vivo larvae maintained a constant heart rate. The in-situ preparations maintained an elevated rate at 30◦C. The heartbeat in the TrpA1-expressing strains could not be revived at 37◦C with serotonin. Thus, TrpA1 activation may have allowed enough Ca2+ influx to activate K(Ca) channels into a form of diastolic stasis. TrpA1 activation in body wall muscle confirmed a depolarization of membrane. In contrast, blowfly Phaenicia sericata larvae increased heartbeat at 30 and 37◦C, demonstrating greater cardiac thermotolerance.
|Number of pages||17|
|State||Published - Jan 2021|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Chellgren Endowed Professor fund from the University of Kentucky to R.L.C. for supplies.
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science