Abstract: Battered and breaded fish nuggets (BBFNs) were prepared by treating fish with a batter composed of wheat starch (WS) and wheat protein (WP) blends (at the ratios of 15:1, 13:1, 11:1, 9:1, and 7:1, w/w), frying at 170 °C (40 s) followed by 190 °C (30 s). Fried BBFNs were evaluated for moisture and fat contents, color, shrinkage, acrylamide content, and fat distribution. Results showed that moisture content and brightness (L* value from colorimetry) increased with a decrease of WS/WP ratio to 11:1 w/w, then decreased as WS/WP ratio further decreased, while fat content, fat distribution level, and shrinkage of fried BBFNs presented opposite results. However, there was a slight influence of WS/WP ratio on yellowness (b* value), redness (a* value), and acrylamide content of fried BBFNs. Among WS/WP ratios, fried BBFNs with 11:1 w/w have the highest moisture content (16.43%) and the lowest fat content (23.39%), fat distribution level, shrinkage (10.72%), and acrylamide content (57 mg/kg), while a crust with golden-yellow color was observed. This study demonstrates that moisture evaporation and fat absorption were significantly influenced by WS/WP ratio in the batter (P < 0.05), with the most effective results in quality attributes improvement of fried BBFNs. Practical Application: This study clearly showed that the fat content and quality attributes of fried BBFNs were significantly affected by WS/WP ratio in the batter (P < 0.05). The inhibition of fat absorption and improvement of shrinkage and color in fried BBFNs was the most effective for a 11:1 w/w WS/WP ratio.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Food Science|
|State||Published - Jul 1 2020|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 31471612), China Agriculture Research System (Grant No. CARS‐45).
© 2020 Institute of Food Technologists®
- battered and breaded fish nuggets
- deep-fat frying
- quality attributes
- wheat protein
- wheat starch
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science