OBJECTIVE To determine effects of a microalgae nutritional product on insulin sensitivity in horses. ANIMALS 8 healthy mature horses. PROCEDURES Horses (n = 4/group) received a basal diet without (control diet) or with docosahexaenoic acid–rich microalgae meal (150 g/d) for 49 days (day 0 = first day of diet). On day 28, an isoglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp procedure was performed. Horses then received dexamethasone (0.04 mg/kg/d) for 21 days. On day 49, the clamp procedure was repeated. After a 60-day washout, horses received the alternate diet, and procedures were repeated. Plasma fatty acid, glucose, and insulin oncentrations and glucose and insulin dynamics during the clamp procedure were measured on days 28 and 49. Two estimates of insulin sensitivity (reciprocal of the square root of the insulin concentration and the modified insulin-to-glucose ratio for ponies) were calculated. RESULTS Baseline glucose and insulin concentrations or measures of insulin sensitivity on day 28 did not differ between horses when fed the control diet or the basal diet plus microalgae meal. On day 49 (ie, after dexamethasone administration), the microalgae meal was associated with lower baseline insulin and glucose concentrations and an improved modified insulin-to-glucose ratio for ponies, compared with results for the control diet. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Although the microalgae meal had no effect on clamp variables following dexamethasone treatment, it was associated with improved plasma glucose and insulin concentrations and insulin sensitivity estimates. A role for microalgae in the nutritional management of insulin-resistant horses warrants investigation.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||American Journal of Veterinary Research|
|State||Published - Oct 2015|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2015, American Veterinary Medical Association. All rights reserved.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Veterinary (all)