Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) hydrolyzes lipoprotein triglyceride into nonesterified fatty acids, which are then reesterified and stored in adipose tissue. Previous studies have demonstrated increases in LPL in response to insulin-like growth factor I and GH when added in vitro. This study examined the effects of acromegaly treatment on adipose tissue LPL. Ten patients with clinically active acromegaly were recruited. A fasting adipose tissue biopsy was performed both before and 3 months after treatment with octreotide (8 patients) or surgery plus octreotide (2 patients). With treatment, mean baseline insulin-like growth factor I levels fell from 6.41 to 3.98 U/mL (normal, < 2.2 U/mL; P < 0.05), and serum glycohemoglobin fell from 8.6 to 7.2 (normal, < 6.8). Adipose LPL was measured in the heparin-released fraction as well as the cellular fraction extracted with nonionic detergent (EXT). After treatment of acromegaly, there was no change in heparin-released fraction LPL activity or immunoreactive mass. However, there was an increase in EXT activity from 0.73 +/- 0.33 to 1.83 +/- 0.58 nEq/min.10(6) cells (mean +/- SEM; P < 0.05) and an increase in EXT mass from 4.1 +/- 0.89 to 11.4 +/- 2.0 ng/10(6) cells (P < 0.05). There was no change in LPL messenger ribonucleic acid levels with treatment, determined using both quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Northern blotting. Thus, treatment of acromegaly resulted in an increase in the intracellular level of the LPL protein, with no change in messenger ribonucleic acid levels, suggesting posttranscriptional regulation of LPL. These changes in LPL may be due to improved insulin sensitivity, or to other changes associated with acromegaly treatment.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism|
|State||Published - Nov 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical