Effects of an educational intervention on heart failure knowledge, self-care behaviors, and health-related quality of life of patients with heart failure: Exploring the role of depression

Boyoung Hwang, Michele M. Pelter, Debra K. Moser, Kathleen Dracup

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To test effects of an educational intervention on patient-reported outcomes among rural heart failure (HF) patients and to examine whether effects differed between patients with and without depression. Methods: Patients (N = 614) were randomized to usual care (UC) or 1 of 2 intervention groups. Both intervention groups received face-to-face education, followed by either 2 phone calls (LITE) or biweekly calls until they demonstrated content competency (PLUS). Follow-up lasted 24 months. Statistical analyses included linear mixed models and subgroup analyses by depression status. Results: Both intervention groups showed improvement in HF knowledge at 3 months (LITE–UC, p = 0.003; PLUS–UC, p < 0.001). Improvement lasted 24 months only in the PLUS group. Compared to UC, both intervention groups exhibited better self-care at 3 months (LITE–UC, p < 0.001; PLUS–UC, p < 0.001) and 12 months (LITE–UC, p = 0.001; PLUS–UC, p = 0.002). There were no differences in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among groups. In subgroup analyses, similar effects were found among non-depressed, but not among depressed patients. Conclusion: The educational intervention improved HF knowledge and self-care, but not HRQOL. No intervention effects were observed in patients with depressive symptoms. Practice Implications: The simple educational intervention is promising to improve HF knowledge and self-care. Additional strategies are needed for depressed patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1201-1208
Number of pages8
JournalPatient Education and Counseling
Volume103
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Disease knowledge
  • Heart failure
  • Patient education
  • Quality of life
  • Self-Care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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