Effects of audio headings on learning

Hung Tao Chen, Robert F. Lorch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Text-to-speech (TTS) programs often do a poor job of translating writing devices such as headings from visual into audio mode. Previous research studies have attempted to address this problem but these studies have mainly used heading detection tasks. The current study seeks to investigate (a) whether the presence of audio headings improves performance in natural learning tasks and (b) the type of heading rendering that is the most useful in natural learning tasks. Two experiments compared the effects of two types of rendering strategies on note-taking and cued recall. Results from this study revealed that a prosodic rendering strategy was most useful to the listeners in natural learning tasks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-221
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Applied
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 American Psychological Association.


  • Distance learning
  • Headings
  • Text processing
  • Text-to-speech software

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology


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