Effects of brown midrib corn silage on the energy balance of dairy cattle

M. A. Tine, K. R. McLeod, R. A. Erdman, R. L. Baldwin VI

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

Effects of genotype and level of intake on net energy for lactation values of corn silage were evaluated by indirect calorimetry in two experiments using lactating and dry, nonpregnant dairy cows. In experiment 1, six multiparous Holstein cows in early lactation were fed experimental diets containing either brown midrib (bm3) or isogenic normal corn silage. Dietary treatments were isogenic and bm3 diets fed ad libitum, and the bm3 diets restricted-fed. Dry matter (DM) intake was 2.4 kg/d greater for cows fed the bm3 diet ad libitum compared with cows fed the isogenic diet. Apparent digestibilities of DM, organic matter, neutral detergent fiber, and acid detergent fiber were greater for cows restricted-fed bm3 than the isogenic diet. In experiment 2, six dry, nonpregnant Holstein cows were fed maintenance diets containing either bm3 or isogenic corn silage. Apparent digestibilities of DM, organic matter, neutral detergent fiber, and acid detergent fiber were greater for cows fed bm3 compared with isogenic corn silage. Digestible energy and metabolizable energy were greater for maintenance diets containing bm3 compared with isogenic corn silage, respectively. These data indicate increased milk production seen in other studies is a result of increased DMI rather than an increase in energy efficiency. Increased organic matter digestibility of bm3 corn silage resulted in greater digestible energy and metabolizable energy values in cows fed at maintenance energy intake. However, calculated net energy for lactation values of bm3 and isogenic corn silages were similar at both productive and maintenance levels of feeding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)885-895
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
Volume84
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2001

Keywords

  • Brown midrib corn silage
  • Energy balance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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