Lymphocyte proliferation and peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) production of PGE2 were assayed in 15 healthy dogs fed a basal diet supplemented with either sunflower oil (Group Sunflower oil), sunflower oil and menhaden fish oil (Group Fish oil), or sunflower oil and menhaden fish oil plus α-tocopherol acetate for 12 weeks (Group Fish oil + E). Lymphocyte proliferation was determined by a flow cytometric technique utilizing the fluorochrome carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester (CFSE). The PBMC supernatant PGE2 concentration was assayed using a competitive enzyme-linked immunoassay. Group Fish oil had a significant decrease in lymphocyte proliferation at week 12. PBMC production of PGE2 was decreased in all three groups but only significantly reduced in groups receiving fish oil supplementation. Based on these results, this level of fish oil supplementation appears to suppress the lymphoproliferative response in healthy, young dogs but this response can be attenuated by high levels of dietary vitamin E supplementation. Furthermore, fish oil-induced reduction in lymphocyte proliferation appears to manifest through a PGE2-independent mechanism and is not associated with increased lipid peroxidation.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology|
|State||Published - Oct 15 2007|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was financially supported internally by the VCS Corp Fund and the Department of Pathobiological Sciences, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA.
- Lipid peroxidation
- n - 3 fatty acids
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Veterinary (all)