Effects of direct seeding of four native species for reclamation of mined land in the cold desert of Xinjiang in northwest China

Qing Hui Liu, Xiao Ying Zhao, Carol C. Baskin, Cheng Lin Zhu, Nabihan Haster, Wu Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

1 Scopus citations


Direct seeding is a more cost-effective method for plant community restoration than transplanting pot-grown plants, but this method is not applicable to all plant species and all regions. To evaluate the effectiveness of direct seeding to restore mined cold desert vegetation without irrigation, Atraphaxis frutescens (L.) Ewersm., Calligonum junceum (Fisch. et Mey.) Litv., Peganum harmala L., and Seriphydium gracilescens (Krasch. et Iljin) Poljak. were directly sown in the bottom of dry furrows and on a flat site in the mined wasteland before the second snowfall in late autumn. Seedling emergence, survival, and growth were monitored for 3 years. For the four species, cumulative seed germination in the furrows ranged from 6.4 to 23.6% and the highest germination was 23.0 and 23.6% for A. frutescens and C. junceum, respectively. Survival at the end of 3 years was 7.0–56.1% for the four species. In the flat area, cumulative seedling emergence for C. junceum, A. frutescens, P. harmala, and S. gracilescens was 0, 0, 0.7, and 1.4%, respectively, and all seedlings died with the onset of drought. Thus, under natural precipitation conditions, the success of direct seeding depends on the microsite and species. We conclude that direct seeding can be an effective method for establishing the shrubs A. frutescens and C. junceum in mined wasteland if seeds are sown in furrows that have been created across the landscape.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)461-472
Number of pages12
JournalArid Land Research and Management
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


  • Abandoned mined land
  • cold desert
  • direct seeding
  • emergence
  • rehabilitation
  • seedling growth
  • seedling survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of direct seeding of four native species for reclamation of mined land in the cold desert of Xinjiang in northwest China'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this