Effects of feeding endophyte-infected fescue hay on portal and hepatic nutrient flux in steers.

D. L. Harmon, K. L. Gross, K. K. Kreikemeier, K. P. Coffey, T. B. Avery, J. Klindt

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27 Scopus citations


Six Holstein steers (313 +/- 10 kg BW) surgically fitted with hepatic portal, mesenteric venous, mesenteric arterial, and hepatic venous catheters were used in a replicated crossover design experiment to evaluate the feeding of Acremonium coenophialum-infected fescue hay on portal-drained visceral and hepatic nutrient metabolism. Only four steers had functional hepatic catheters. Infected (INF) and endophyte-free (EF) fescue hays were harvested on the same day in May, at the soft dough stage of maturity, from a similar location in southeast Kansas. The hay was chopped through a 2.5-cm screen and fed in 12 portions daily. Intake was limited to 5.2 kg of DM/d to equalize consumption. Each experimental period lasted 21 d. Dietary CP concentration was greater for INF than for EF (9.9 vs 8.6%); however, apparent digestibilities of DM (52.6%) and N (37%) were not different. Ruminal total VFA concentrations and molar proportions were not different with the exception of butyrate, which was increased (P less than .10) for steers when they were fed INF. Feeding of INF increased (P less than .05) arterial beta-hydroxybutyrate concentration and decreased (P less than .10) arterial butyrate concentration. Steers fed EF showed a greater (P less than .05) portal-arterial concentration difference for acetate and an increased (P less than .05) net portal flux of acetate (500 vs 620 mmol/h). No differences in net flux were noted for any of the other VFA, glucose, lactate, urea N, insulin, glucagon, or prolactin.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1223-1231
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Animal Science
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics


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