Effects of location for collection of air samples on a farm and time of day of sample collection on airborne concentrations of virulent Rhodococcus equi at two horse breeding farms

Kyle R. Kuskie, Jacqueline L. Smith, Naisyin Wang, Craig N. Carter, M. Keith Chaffin, Nathan M. Slovis, Randolph S. Stepusin, Anthony E. Cattoi, Shinji Takai, Noah D. Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective-To determine whether airborne concentrations of virulent Rhodococcus equi at 2 horse breeding farms varied on the basis of location, time of day, and month. Sample Population-2 farms in central Kentucky with recurrent R equi-induced pneumonia in foals. Procedures-From February through July 2008, air samples were collected hourly for a 24- hour period each month from stalls and paddocks used to house mares and their foals. Concentrations of airborne virulent R equi were determined via a modified colony immunoblot technique. Differences were compared by use of zero-inflated negative binomial methods to determine effects of location, time, and month. Results-Whether mares and foals were housed predominantly in stalls or paddocks significantly affected results for location of sample collection (stall vs paddock) by increasing airborne concentrations of virulent R equi at the site where horses were predominantly housed. Airborne concentrations of virulent R equi were significantly higher from 6:00 pm through 11:59 pm than for the period from midnight through 5:59 am. Airborne concentrations of virulent R equi did not differ significantly between farms or among months. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Airborne concentrations of virulent R equi were significantly increased when horses were predominantly housed at the site for collection of air samples (ie, higher in stalls when horses were predominantly housed in stalls and higher in paddocks when horses were predominantly housed in paddocks). Concentrations of virulent R equi among air samples collected between the hours of 6:00 am and midnight appeared similar. (Am J Vet Med 2011;72:73-79).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-79
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume72
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Veterinary

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