Effects of pancuronium bromide on cerebral blood flow changes during seizures in newborn pigs

Massroor Pourcyrous, Charles W. Leffler, Henrietta S. Bada, Sheldon B. Korones, Gregory L. Stidham, David W. Busija

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigated the effects of pancuronium bromide pretreatment on cerebral blood flow (CBF) during bicuculline-induced seizures in anesthetized piglets. Arterial blood pressure, gases, pH, cerebral electrocortical activity, and CBF (radioactive microsphere) were monitored at baseline, 10 min after administration of pancuronium (0.3 mg/kg i.v.; n — 9) or vehicle (normal saline; n = 8), and again at 5, 15, and 60 min after bicuculline (3 mg/ kg i.v.). No change in CBF from baseline was observed at 10 min after either saline or pancuronium treatment, before induction of seizures. In the saline group, CBF was 36 ± 3 mL- min"' -100 g' before bicuculline and increased to 166 ± 24 and 205 ± 35 mLmin'100 g' at 5 and 15 min, respectively, after bicuculline, returning toward baseline by 60 min. In the pancuronium group at 5 min after bicuculline, CBF increased from 45 ± 7 to 169 ± 26 mL-min1 100 g', but fell to 88 ± 17 mL min '100 g ' at 15 min in contrast to saline-treated piglets. Also, at 15 min of seizures, differences between groups were observed in arterial blood pressure, gases, and pH. Although these variables were in the normal range with pancuronium treatment, the saline-treated animals had increased arterial blood pressure (81 ± 6 mm Hg) and Pco2 (6 ± 0.4 kPa) and decreased Po2 (7 ± 0.5 kPa) and pH (6.91 ± 0.06). Electrocortical activity was abnormal during seizures in both groups. At 60 min, reversal to normal activity was observed in six of nine pancuronium-treated animals versus two of eight saline-treated animals. These data suggest that pancuronium limits cerebral hyperemia during prolonged seizures by attenuating increases in blood pressure as a result of elimination of skeletal muscle activity. This leads to minimal alteration of arterial Pco2, Po2, and pH during seizures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)636-639
Number of pages4
JournalPediatric Research
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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