Effects of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus on pig growth, diet utilization efficiency, and gas release from stored manure

M. M. Li, K. M. Seelenbinder, M. A. Ponder, L. Deng, R. P. Rhoads, K. D. Pelzer, J. S. Radcliffe, C. V. Maxwell, J. A. Ogejo, M. D. Hanigan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The objectives of this study were to examine the effects of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infection and vaccination on pig growth, dietary nutrient efficiency of utilization, manure output, and emissions of CO2, CH4, H2S, N2O, and NH3 gases from stored manure. Forty-eight pigs, aged 21 d at the start of the study, were subjected to 1 of 4 treatment combinations arranged in a 2 × 2 factorial design with main factors of PRRSV vaccination and PRRSV infection. Body weight, ADFI, manure output, and nutrient efficiency of utilization were assessed and gas emissions from stored manure were determined daily from 50 to 78 d of age and for 24 d after completion of the animal phase. Infection with PRRSV markedly reduced final BW, ADG, and ADFI (P < 0.01) and reduced efficiencies of ADF and ether extract utilization (P = 0.05 and P = 0.02, respectively) regardless of vaccination status. No significant treatment effects were found on manure output, manure pH, efficiencies of lignin utilization, and N retention. Infecting pigs with PRRSV increased daily manure CO2 emission per pig (P = 0.01). There was an interaction between immunization and infection for N2O per pig with manure from uninfected, vaccinated pigs producing as much as the manure from infected, vaccinated pigs whereas there was a difference by PRRSV infection state for nonvaccinated pigs. There were also interactions between treatments for H2S and N2O emissions per kilogram of manure volatile solids excreted (P = 0.01 and P = 0.0001, respectively) with the same pattern as for N2O per pig; that is, the vaccinated pigs had similar rates of emission regardless of infection state. Pigs infected with PRRSV increased N2O nitrogen per kilogram of total N excreted compared with noninfected groups (P = 0.03). Collectively, these results indicated that PRRSV infection caused decreased growth rates and nutrient utilization efficiency and increased gas emissions from stored manure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4424-4435
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Animal Science
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 8 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 American Society of Animal Science. All rights reserved.


  • Ammonia
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Hydrogen sulfide
  • Methane
  • Nitrous oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics


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