Effects of remifentanil on measures of anesthetic immobility and analgesia in cats

Robert J. Brosnan, Bruno H. Pypendop, Kristine T. Siao, Scott D. Stanley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations


Objective - To evaluate effects of various doses of remifentanil on measures of analgesia in anesthetized cats. Animals - 6 healthy adult cats. Procedures - Minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) for isoflurane and thermal threshold responses were evaluated in anesthetized cats. Remifentanil infusions of 0 (baseline), 0.0625, 0.125, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, and 16 μg/kg/min were administered; after a 45-minute equilibration period, isoflurane MAC and responses were determined. Isoflurane MAC was determined in anesthetized cats once for each remifentanil infusion rate by use of a standard tail clamp technique. Thermal threshold was measured in awake cats by use of a commercially available analgesiometric probe placed on the lateral portion of the thorax; remifentanil infusions were administered in randomized order to anesthetized cats, and thermal threshold determinations were made by an investigator who was unaware of the infusion rate. Results - Mean ± SEM median effective concentration (EC50) for remifentanil and its active metabolite, GR90291, for the thermal threshold test was 1.00 ± 0.35 ng/mL and 307 ± 28 ng/mL of blood, respectively. Dysphoria was detected in all awake cats at the 2 highest remifentanil infusion rates. However, isoflurane MAC during remifentanil infusions was unchanged from baseline values, even at blood opioid concentrations approximately 75 times the analgesic EC50. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance - Immobility and analgesia as reflected by thermal threshold testing were independent anesthetic end points in the cats. Results of MAC-sparing evaluations should not be used to infer analgesic potency without prior validation of an MAC-analgesia relationship for specific drugs and species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1065-1071
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Veterinary (all)


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