Effects of self field and low magnetic fields on the normal-superconducting phase transition

M. C. Sullivan, D. R. Strachan, T. Frederiksen, R. A. Ott, C. J. Lobb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Researchers have studied the normal-superconducting phase transition in the high-Tc cuprates in a magnetic field (the vortex-glass or Bose-glass transition) and in zero field. Often, transport measurements in "zero field" are taken in the Earth's ambient field or in the remnant field of a magnet. We show that fields as small as the Earth's field will alter the shape of the current vs voltage curves and will result in inaccurate values for the critical temperature Tc and the critical exponents ν and z, and can even destroy the phase transition. This indicates that without proper screening of the magnetic field it is impossible to determine the true zero-field critical parameters, making correct scaling and other data analysis impossible. We also show, theoretically and experimentally, that the self field generated by the current flowing in the sample has no effect on the current vs voltage isotherms.

Original languageEnglish
Article number092507
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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