Somatostatin analog SMS 201-995 causes a dose-related suppression of the release and/or action of several gastrointestinal hormones and impairs several anterior pituitary functions. Some patients with illness involving abnormal hormonal activity have responded to treatment with SMS 201-995, including resolution of severe secretory diarrhea. This study examined SMS 201-995 inhibition of Escherichia coli heat-stable enterotoxin STa (STa) effects and effects of the analog in the rabbit RITARD model with enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli. SMS 201-995 did not alter STa binding to its receptor on piglet brush border membranes. The analog, at concentrations of 0.1 μg/ml (0.1 μM) and 1 μg/ml (1 μM) did not significantly alter STa activation of intestinal epithelial cell particulate guanylate cyclase. At maximal dosing the analog significantly reduced intestinal fluid secretion in suckling mice that was induced by either 8-bromo cyclic GMP or STa. In piglets, the analog reduced by 37-44% the amount of diarrhea induced by STa. However, even with maximal dosing, the piglets still had significant diarrhea, although of a lesser amount. In the rabbit RITARD model the drug failed to alter the severe diarrheal response seen when dosing the animals with enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli. Overall, SMS 201-995 had a significant but incomplete effect in reducing the STa effects seen in the various assays. Additionally, in the RITARD model the analog did not alter the clinical responses to various enterotoxigenic bacteria. SMS 201-995 should be useful as a probe into the mechanisms involved in intestinal fluid secretion, but a clinical role in enterotoxigenic gastrointestinal disease was not supported by this study.
|Number of pages
|Digestive Diseases and Sciences
|Published - Dec 1991
- Escherichia coli heat-stable enterotoxin
- SMS 201-995
ASJC Scopus subject areas