The current study sought to examine the impact of strengthening cigarette pack warnings on attention, message processing, and perceived effectiveness, through a systematic review of longitudinal observational studies. The review included 22 studies (N = 81,824 participants). Strengthened warnings increased attention to warnings, recall of warnings, and thinking about the health risks of smoking. Strengthened warnings also increased several perceived effectiveness outcomes, including perceptions that warnings reduce smoking and motivate quitting. Strengthened cigarette pack warnings achieve their goal of attracting attention and enhancing motivation to act. Strengthening warning policies should be a priority for tobacco control globally.
|Number of pages||27|
|Journal||Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly|
|State||Published - Jun 1 2017|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Research reported in this publication was supported by P30CA016086 from the National Cancer Institute and the Food & Drug Administration (FDA) Center for Tobacco Products (CTP).
© Association for Education in Journalism & Mass Communication.
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