Effects of yeast cell wall-derived mannan-oligosaccharides on jejunal gene expression in young broiler chickens

R. Xiao, R. F. Power, D. Mallonee, K. Routt, L. Spangler, A. J. Pescatore, A. H. Cantor, T. Ao, J. L. Pierce, K. A. Dawson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

The use of mannan-oligosaccharides (MOS) as alternatives to antibiotic growth promoters (AGP) has gained in popularity in recent years due to regulatory restrictions of using AGP in food animal production. Benefits of MOS usage include improvement on animal performance, feed efficiency, and gastrointestinal health. The molecular mechanisms of these functions however are not clear. The goal of the current study was to use a transcriptomics approach to investigate the effects of MOS on the intestinal gene expression profile of young broilers and characterize biological gene pathways responsible for the actions of MOS. One hundred and twenty 1-d-old Cobb 500 broiler chicks were randomly divided into 2 groups and were fed either a standard wheat-soybean meal-based (control) diet or the same diet supplemented with 2.2 g/kg of MOS (Bio-Mos, Alltech, Nicholasville, KY) for 3 wk, followed by jejunal gene expression profiling analysis using chicken-specific Affymetrix microarrays. Results indicated that a total of 672 genes were differentially expressed (P < 0.01 and fold change >1.2) in the jejunum by MOS supplementation. Association analysis indicated that differentially expressed genes are involved in diverse biological functions including energy production, cell death, and protein translation. Expression of 77 protein synthesis-related genes was differentially regulated by MOS in the jejunum. Further pathway analysis indicated that 15 genes related to oxidative phosphorylation were upregulated in the jejunum, and expression of genes important in cellular stress response, such as peroxiredoxin 1, superoxide dismutase 1, and thioredoxin, were also increased by MOS. Differential expression of genes associated with cellular immune processes, including lysozyme, lumican, β 2-microglobin, apolipoprotein A-1, and fibronectin 1, were also observed in MOS-fed broilers. In summary, this study systematically identified biological functions and gene pathways that are important in mediating the biological effects of MOS in broilers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1660-1669
Number of pages10
JournalPoultry Science
Volume91
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2012

Keywords

  • Chicken
  • Gene expression
  • Mannan-oligosaccharides
  • Nutrigenomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

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