Efficacy of a Clinic-Based Safer Sex Program for Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Uninfected and Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Young Black Men Who Have Sex with Men: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Richard A. Crosby, Leandro Mena, Laura F. Salazar, James W. Hardin, Tim Brown, Rachel Vickers Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To test the efficacy of a single-session, clinic-based intervention designed to promote condom use among young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM). Methods Six hundred YBMSM were enrolled in a randomized controlled trial, using a 12-month observation period. An intent-to-treat analysis was performed, with multiple imputation for missing data. Results Compared with the reference group, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected men in the intervention group had 64% greater odds of reporting consistent condom use for anal receptive sex over 12 months (estimated odds ratio, 1.64; 95% confidence interval, 1.23-2.17, P = 0.001). Also, compared with the reference group, HIV-uninfected men in the intervention group had more than twice the odds of reporting consistent condom use for anal receptive sex over 12 months (estimated odds ratio, 2.14; 95% confidence interval, 1.74-2.63, P < 0.001). Significant intervention effects relative to incident sexually transmitted diseases were not observed. Conclusions A single-session, clinic-based, intervention may help protect HIV-uninfected YBMSM against HIV acquisition and HIV-infected YBMSM from transmitting the virus to insertive partners.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-176
Number of pages8
JournalSexually Transmitted Diseases
Volume45
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Source of Funding: This study was funded by a grant from the National Institute of Mental Health to the first author, R01MH092226.

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2018 by the American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association. Unauthorized reproduction of this article is prohibited.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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