Efficient near-infrared polymer and organic light-emitting diodes based on electrophosphorescence from (tetraphenyltetranaphtho[2,3]porphyrin)platinum(II)

Jonathan R. Sommer, Richard T. Farley, Kenneth R. Graham, Yixing Yang, John R. Reynolds, Jiangeng Xue, Kirk S. Schanze

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

133 Scopus citations

Abstract

The new metalloporphyrin Pt(tptnp), where tptnp = tetraphenyltetranaphtho[2,3]porphyrin, has been prepared and subjected to photophysical and electrooptical device studies. In degassed toluene solution at room temperature Pt(tptnp) features efficient phosphorescence emission with λmax 883 nm with a quantum efficiency of 0.22. The complex has been used as the active phosphor in polymer and organic light-emitting diodes. Polymer light-emitting diodes based on a spin-coated emissive layer consisting of a blend of Pt(tptnp) doped in poly(9-vinylcarbazole) and 2-(4-biphenylyl)-5- (4-tert-butylphenyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazole exhibit near-IR emission with λmax 896 nm, with a maximum external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 0.4% and a maximum radiant emittance of 100 μW/cm2. Organic light-emitting diodes prepared via vapor deposition of all layers and that feature an optimized multilayer hole injection and electron blocking layer heterostructure with an emissive layer consisting of 4,4′-bis(carbazol-9- yl)biphenyl (CBP) doped with Pt(tptnp) exhibit a maximum EQE of 3.8% and a maximum radiant emittance of 1.8 mW/cm2. The polymer and organic light-emitting diodes characterized in this study exhibit record high efficiency for devices that emit in the near-IR at λ >800 nm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)274-278
Number of pages5
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume1
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 25 2009

Keywords

  • electrophosphorescence
  • metalloporphyrin
  • near-infrared
  • organic light emitting diodes
  • polymer light emitting diodes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science

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