Efficient optimization of building emergency evacuation considering social bond of evacuees

Peng Wang, Peter B. Luh, Shi Chung Chang, Kerry L. Marsh

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

In building emergency evacuation, the social bond of evacuees is a critical feature related to blocking in egress, and effective crowd guidance should consider this feature to prevent or mitigate such undesired blocking. Besides, the time-criticality of emergencies also requires an efficient computation method, and how to efficiently optimize crowd guidance considering the social bond effect is then identified as a problem to be addressed. By extending the egress model of Wang et al., 2008, this paper parameterizes the relation between the social bond of evacuees and the blocking event in egress. The optimization problem is then formulated to optimize crowd guidance with such advance of modeling. To efficiently optimize the guidance, our original computation method is improved in several aspects: reducing decision variables by infrequent update of guidance, reducing the decision space based on the prior information on the building layout, and approximating the state transition probability by discretizing probability measures. An example in the literature is tested to demonstrate improvement on our modeling and methods.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2009 IEEE International Conference on Automation Science and Engineering, CASE 2009
Pages250-255
Number of pages6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009
Event2009 IEEE International Conference on Automation Science and Engineering, CASE 2009 - Bangalore, India
Duration: Aug 22 2009Aug 25 2009

Publication series

Name2009 IEEE International Conference on Automation Science and Engineering, CASE 2009

Conference

Conference2009 IEEE International Conference on Automation Science and Engineering, CASE 2009
Country/TerritoryIndia
CityBangalore
Period8/22/098/25/09

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Software

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Efficient optimization of building emergency evacuation considering social bond of evacuees'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this