EGCG prevents PCB-126-induced endothelial cell inflammation via epigenetic modifications of NF-κB target genes in human endothelial cells

Dandan Liu, Jordan T. Perkins, Bernhard Hennig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Scopus citations

Abstract

Anti-inflammatory polyphenols, such as epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), have been shown to protect against the toxicity of environmental pollutants. It is well known that bioactive food compounds such as polyphenols may exert their protection by modulating inflammatory pathways regulated through nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signaling. EGCG has been reported to inhibit NF-κB activation. We hypothesize that EGCG can protect against polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)-induced endothelial inflammation in part through epigenetic regulation of NF-κB-regulated inflammatory genes. In order to test this hypothesis, human endothelial cells (EA.hy926) were exposed to physiologically relevant levels of coplanar PCB 126 and/or 15 or 30 μM of EGCG, followed by quantification of NF-κB subunit p65, histone acetyltransferase p300 and histone deacetylases (HDACs) accumulation through chromatin immunoprecipitation assay in the promoter region of inflammatory genes. In addition, the enrichment of the acetylated H3 was also quantified. PCB 126 exposure increased the expression of vascular inflammatory mediators, including interleukin (IL)-6, C-reactive protein, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, vascular cell adhesion molecule-and IL-1α/β, which were prevented by pretreatment with EGCG. This inhibitory effect by EGCG correlated with abolished nuclear import of p65, decreased chromatin binding of p65 and p300, as well as increased chromatin binding of HDAC 1/2. Furthermore, EGCG induced hypoacetylation of H3, which accounts for deactivation of downstream genes. These data suggest that EGCG-induced epigenetic modifications can decrease PCB-induced vascular toxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)164-170
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Volume28
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier Inc.

Keywords

  • EGCG
  • HDACs
  • P300
  • P65
  • PCB 126
  • Vascular inflammation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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