Endobrevin/VAMP-8-dependent dense granule release mediates thrombus formation in vivo

Gwenda J. Graham, Qiansheng Ren, James R. Dilks, Price Blair, Sidney W. Whiteheart, Robert Flaumenhaft

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations


Individuals whose platelets lack dense or α-granules suffer various degrees of abnormal bleeding, implying that granule cargo contributes to hemostasis. Despite these clinical observations, little is known regarding the effects of impaired platelet granule secretion on thrombus formation in vivo. In platelets, SNARE proteins mediate the membrane fusion events required for granule cargo release. Endobrevin/ VAMP-8 is the primary vesicle-SNARE (v-SNARE) responsible for efficient release of dense and α-granule contents; thus, VAMP-8-/- mice are a useful model to evaluate the importance of platelet granule secretion in thrombus formation. Thrombus formation, after laser-induced vascular injury, in these mice is delayed and decreased, but not absent. In contrast, thrombus formation is almost completely abolished in the mouse model of Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome, ruby-eye, which lacks dense granules. Evaluation of aggregation of VAMP-8-/- and ruby-eye platelets indicates that defective ADP release is the primary abnormality leading to impaired aggregation. These results demonstrate the importance of dense granule release even in the earliest phases of thrombus formation and validate the distal platelet secretory machinery as a potential target for antiplatelet therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1083-1090
Number of pages8
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology


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