OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to study the effectiveness of endotracheal tolazoline (ET-Tz) in the treatment of neonatal persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPHN). STUDY DESIGN: ET-Tz was administered to 12 neonates with a clinical diagnosis of PPHN. The gestational age ranged from 25 to 42 weeks, and the birth weights from 850 to 3612 gm. The dose of tolazoline ranged from 1 to 2.5 mg/kg. RESULTS: There was a significant increase (p < 0.005) in the mean levels of oxygen saturation and the arterial oxygen tension, and a significant decrease (p < 0.005) in the oxygenation index, between the pretolazoline and the posttolazoline groups, but arterial carbon dioxide tension did not change. After the initial analysis, the groups were subdivided into preterm and term subgroups, because we secondarily observed that the average changes from predose to postdose levels in the above parameters were significantly different (p < 0.001) in the two subgroups by Student's paired t test. CONCLUSIONS: The data indicate that ET-Tz is effective in improving oxygenation in neonates with PPHN, particularly sick preterm infants. The endotracheal route is preferred because it is devoid of significant side effects (e.g., hypotension and flushing). A randomized, controlled, double-blinded, multicenter trial for the use of ET-Tz in PPHN is warranted.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association|
|State||Published - Nov 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynecology