Understanding the effect of design parameters on resonant frequency variation is a critically important aspect of piezoelectric energy harvester device design. As a first step in more accurately investigating the performance of a fixture designed for targeted RFID tag communication that also utilizes an energy harvesting application, this paper analyzes the variations in resonant frequency of a higher-order beam based on Reddy-Levinson theory (RLBT) under rotation effects. A long-term goal of this research is to implement an effective energy harvester on the RFID system. Part of the experimental RFID test fixture can be modeled as a beam (or beam element); thus, understanding the resonance frequency variations due to shear deformation and rotation effects is an important first step in obtaining information about the efficacy of the fixture in serving as an energy harvester. Investigating the performance of a beam also provides valuable information about the maximum power, frequency bandwidth, and tuning ability of the device that can be expected from an analogous energy harvester. For the first time, the resonant frequency variation of a rotating thick beam is investigated. Specifically, RLBT is used to verify the effects of shear deformation upon resonant frequency, and a coupled displacement field is utilized to enable tuning the potential piezoelectric energy harvester to low-input excitations by means of constraining translational and rotational movements of the system based on a linear constraint equation. Navier s method as an analytical-numerical method is adopted to discretize the continuous system and to find resonant frequencies, respectively. Results reveal the significance of beam thickness and rotation effects of the proposed model for the purpose of minimizing energy usage. Current results are compared and verified numerically with available benchmarks to confirm a satisfactory level of accuracy. The proposed model, which is based on a coupled displacement field, can also be used to design other piezoelectric electro-mechanical-systems; e.g., vibration isolators, and vibration controllers. In other words, in an energy-scavenging system, a fundamental understanding of parameters affecting the resonant frequency can be accomplished through the presented analysis. The proposed model highlights the fact that, by adopting a proper speed factor, tuning the piezoelectric energy harvester to low-input excitations is possible. Additionally, it is observed that the rotation effect on the resonant frequency is more severe than effects of slenderness ratio. Finally, in this paper an improved model is proposed to capture the shear deformation effect, particularly for thick-beam energy harvesters, with the capability of tuning to low-input excitations.
|Title of host publication||Dynamics, Vibration, and Control|
|State||Published - 2020|
|Event||ASME 2020 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2020 - Virtual, Online|
Duration: Nov 16 2020 → Nov 19 2020
|Name||ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE)|
|Conference||ASME 2020 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2020|
|Period||11/16/20 → 11/19/20|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2020 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). All rights reserved.
- Resonant frequency
- Rotation effect
- Slenderness ratio
- coupled displacement field
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Mechanical Engineering