Enhanced clearance from plasma of low density lipoproteins containing a truncated apolipoprotein, apoB-89

K. G. Parhofer, A. Daugherty, M. Kinoshita, G. Schonfeld

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38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previously we have reported on a kindred with hypobetalipoproteinemia in which three sisters were found to be compound heterozygotes for two newly described truncated forms of apoB, apoB-40 and apoB-89. ApoB-89-containing low density lipoproteins (LDL) bound with increased affinity to cultured normal human fibroblasts and were internalized and degraded at increased rates, suggesting that the low plasma concentrations of apoB-89-LDL of the patients could be due to enhanced rates of clearance through LDL-receptors. To examine this hypothesis, apoB-89-LDL was isolated from the three study subjects and apoB-100-LDL from two control subjects. LDL was conjugated to the radioiodinated residualizing label, dilactitol tyramine ((*)I-DLT, containing either 125I or 131I). (*)I-DLT-apoB-89-LDL and (*)I-DLT-apoB-100-LDL were simultaneously injected into ear veins of rabbits. The clearance from plasma and hepatic accumulations of both radiolabeled LDL fractions were followed over 24 h. Fractional catabolic rates (FCR) of apoB-89-LDL were 0.105 ± 0.012 h-1 compared to 0.054 ± 0.007 h-1 for apoB-100-LDL. In agreement with the enhanced clearance from plasma, 1.72 to 1.87 times more (*)I-DLT-apoB-89-LDL than (*)I-DLT-apoB-100-LDL accumulated in the livers 24 h after injection. There was no significant difference in splenic accumulation, suggesting that LDL-receptors rather than scavenger receptors mediated the enhanced clearance of apoB-89-LDL. To assess further the importance of LDL-receptors, (*)I-DLT-apoB-89-LDL and (*)I-DLT-apoB-100-LDL were reductively methylated to inhibit their interactions with LDL-receptors. Reductive methylation resulted in a marked decrease in FCRs for both LDL preparations (apoB-89-LDL: 0.028 h-1 vs. 0.105 h-1 unmodified; apoB-100-LDL: 0.023 h-1 vs. 0.054 h-1 unmodified) and almost eliminated the difference in the FCR between apoB-89-LDL and apoB-100-LDL. The injection of (*)I-DLT-apoB-89-LDL and (*)I-DLT-apoB-100-LDL into a WHHL rabbit yielded similar results (apoB-89-LDL: 0.043 h-1; apoB-100-LDL: 0.032 h-1). These data suggest that deletion of 11% of the carboxyterminal of apoB-100 resulted in enhanced plasma clearance of apoB-89-LDL by liver primarily mediated by LDL-receptors. This may contribute to their low concentrations in plasma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2001-2007
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Volume31
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1990

Keywords

  • LDL receptor
  • WHHL rabbits
  • dilactitol tyramine
  • fractional catabolic rate
  • hypobetalipoproteinemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

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