Enhancement of β‐Amyloid Peptide Aβ(1–40)‐Mediated Neurotoxicity by Glutamine Synthetase

M. Yu Aksenov, M. V. Aksenova, M. E. Harris, K. Hensley, D. A. Butterfield, J. M. Carney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


Abstract: The β‐amyloid peptide (Aβ), a main constituent in both senile and diffuse plaques in Alzheimer's disease brains, was previously shown to be neurotoxic and to be able to interact with several macromolecular components of brain tissue. Previous investigations carried out in our laboratory demonstrated free radical species formation in aqueous solutions of Aβ(1–40) and its C‐end fragment, Aβ(25–35). Toxic forms of Aβ rapidly inactivate the oxidation‐sensitive cytosolic enzyme glutamine synthetase (GS). In this regard, we suggested and subsequently demonstrated that Aβ radicals can cause an oxidative damage of cell proteins and lipids resulting in disruption of membrane functions, enzyme inactivation, and cell death. Because GS can be a substrate for Aβ‐derived oxidizing species, the present study was conducted to determine if GS could protect against Aβ neurotoxicity. In contrast to this initial hypothesis, we here report that GS significantly enhances the neurotoxic effects of Aβ(1–40). The Aβ‐mediated inactivation of GS was found to be accompanied by the loss of immunoreactive GS and the significant increase of Aβ(1–40) neurotoxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1899-1902
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1995


  • Amyloid
  • Glutamine synthetase
  • Peptide toxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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