Eosinophilia and fractional exhaled nitric oxide levels in chronic obstructive lung disease

Srinadh Annangi, Snigdha Nutalapati, Jamie Sturgill, Eric Flenaugh, Marilyn Foreman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: COPD is a heterogeneous disorder with varied phenotypes. We aimed to determine the prevalence of asthma history, peripheral eosinophilia and elevated FeNO levels along with the diagnostic utility of peripheral eosinophilia in identifying airway eosinophilic inflammation. METHODS: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data were analysed for the study period 2007-2010. Subjects aged ≥40 years with postbronchodilator FEV1/FVC ratio <0.70 were included. Receiver operator curve analysis was performed for sensitivity analysis. A p value of <0.001 is considered statistically significant. RESULTS: A total of 3 110 617 weighted COPD cases were identified; predominantly male (64.4%) and non-Hispanic whites (86.1%). Among our COPD subjects, 14.6% had a history of doctor diagnosed asthma, highest among females and other race Americans. The overall prevalence of peripheral eosinophilia is 36%, 38.3% among COPD subjects with asthma history, and 35.6% among COPD without asthma history. The overall prevalence of elevated FeNO ≥25 ppb is 14.3%; 28.7% among COPD subjects with asthma history and 13.0% among COPD without asthma history. DISCUSSION: The prevalence of FeNO levels ≥25 ppb and peripheral eosinophilia was significantly higher among COPD subjects with asthma compared with COPD without asthma history. Not all COPD subjects with peripheral eosinophilia and elevated FeNO levels have a reported history of asthma. Our study supports clinically phenotyping COPD subjects with eosinophilic inflammation be independent of their asthma history and peripheral eosinophilia can be used as a surrogate marker in resource-limited settings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-356
Number of pages6
JournalThorax
Volume77
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2022. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

Keywords

  • COPD epidemiology
  • asthma epidemiology
  • eosinophil biology
  • exhaled airway markers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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