Evaluation of a High-Fidelity Simulation Training Program for New Cardiothoracic Intensive Care Unit Nurses

Bryan Boling, Melanie Hardin-Pierce, Lynne Jensen, Zaki Udin Hassan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


The objective of this article is to evaluate the effect of a high-fidelity simulation training program on knowledge and confidence as part of a nursing internship in the cardiothoracic intensive care unit. Ten nurse interns each completed a simulation scenario involving common postoperative complications followed by a group debriefing session. Knowledge and confidence were assessed using a multiple-choice test and modified self-efficacy scale, respectively. Both were administered precourse and postcourse and again 2 weeks later. The simulation effectiveness tool, a 0-2 scale with higher scores indicating higher degree of perceived effectiveness, was used to evaluate participants׳ perceptions of the program. Paired t-tests compared precourse and postcourse scores as well as postcourse and follow-up scores for both knowledge and confidence. Spearman rho compared subjective with objective assessment of learning and improvement in learning with improvement in confidence. Mean knowledge scores improved from 48.18% (standard deviation [SD] = 14.7) to 60.9% (SD = 22.6; P < 0.05) and confidence scores improved from 20.8 (SD = 5.17) to 25.9 (SD = 3.3; P < 0.05), both with insignificant changes 2 weeks later. The simulation effectiveness tool mean score was 1.64 (SD = 0.56). There was no correlation between the objective and subjective learning assessments or between the improvement in learning and improvement in confidence. The inclusion of a high-fidelity simulation course showed improvement in both learning and confidence among the new graduate nurses; however, objective assessment of learning is needed. It is also important to note that an improvement in confidence may not indicate an improvement in actual ability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)770-775
Number of pages6
JournalSeminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 4 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier Inc.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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