Evaluation of Coomassie blue staining of the acrosome of equine and canine spermatozoa

Andrea M. Brum, Alysia D. Thomas, Khalida Sabeur, Barry A. Ball

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective - To evaluate Coomassie blue staining of the acrosome of equine and canine spermatozoa. Sample population - Spermatozoa of 5 mixed-breed male dogs and 3 Thoroughbred stallions. Procedure - Various proportions of intact and acrosome-damaged spermatozoa were fixed in 2% phosphate-buffered formaldehyde or 4% paraformaldehyde, smeared onto glass slides, and stained with Coomassie blue stain. Acrosomal status (damaged vs intact) was also assessed by use of flow cytometry after staining with fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated Pisum sativum agglutinin (FITC-PSA) and propidium iodide. Comparisons were made between percentages of expected and observed acrosome-intact spermatozoa in different proportions of live and flashfrozen samples; the percentages of acrosome-intact spermatozoa as determined by use of Coomassie blue staining and flow cytometry were also compared. Results - Strong correlations were found between the expected and observed distributions of acrosome-intact spermatozoa when fixed in 4% paraformalclehyde (r2 = 0.93 and 0.89 for canine and equine spermatozoa, respectively) as well as between Coomassie blue-stained cells and those stained with FITC-PSA and assessed by use of flow cytometry (r2 = 0.96 and 0.97 for canine and equine spermatozoa, respectively). However, in canine samples that were fixed in 2% phosphate-buffered formaldehyde, these correlations were weak. Conclusions and clinical relevance - Staining with Coomassie blue stain was a simple and accurate method to evaluate the acrosome in equine and canine spermatozoa after fixation in 4% paraformaldehyde. This assay should be useful in routine evaluation of semen samples f rom these species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)358-362
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume67
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Veterinary

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