Evaluation of foliar fungicide application methods on soybean

C. A. Bradley, C. D. Chesrown, V. L. Hofman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

A field trial was conducted at Fargo, North Dakota, in 2005 and 2006 to evaluate different fungicide application methods on soybean (Glycine max). Kromekote® paper cards were placed in the upper and lower canopy of soybean plants, and tebuconazole fungicide mixed with a blue dye was sprayed with different application methods at the R5 developmental stage. The applications were made with a conventional sprayer with Turbo TeeJet® 110015 flat-fan nozzles at 276 kPa liquid pressure, a conventional sprayer with XR TeeJet® 80015 flat-fan nozzles at 276 kPa liquid pressure, an AirJet® bifluid nozzle spray system with liquid pressure at 276 kPa and air pressure at both 76 and 48 kPa, or an air-assisted spray system with liquid pressure at both 221 and 83 kPa. An untreated control was also included to evaluate the effect of tebuconazole on soybean yield. Dye-sensitive Kromekote paper cards were analyzed to determine the percent coverage and the volume median diameter (VMD) of the droplets. Significant (P ≤ 0.05) interactions between year and application method were detected, most likely resulting from differences in plant height and development between the years. Droplet coverage in the upper canopy did not differ in either year among the application methods. Most application methods provided similar droplet coverage in the lower canopy in 2005, but the conventional sprayer with XR TeeJet 80015 flat-fan nozzles provided the greatest coverage in the lower canopy in 2006. Correlation analysis indicated that droplet coverage in the lower canopy increased with increased VMD of the droplets in 2005 (R = 0.91), and that yield increased with increased fungicide coverage in 2006 (R = 0.85). Visible symptoms of foliar fungal diseases were not present in either year, and tebuconazole had no effect on soybean yield, compared with the untreated control in either year.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-202
Number of pages6
JournalCanadian Journal of Plant Pathology
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2007

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was partially supported by a grant from the North Dakota Soybean Council.

Keywords

  • Folicur®
  • Fungicide coverage
  • Glycine max
  • Soybean
  • Tebuconazole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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