Evaluation of green dot: An active bystander intervention to reduce sexual violence on college campuses

Ann L. Coker, Patricia G. Cook-Craig, Corrine M. Williams, Bonnie S. Fisher, Emily R. Clear, Lisandra S. Garcia, Lea M. Hegge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

372 Scopus citations


Using a cross-sectional survey of a random sample of 7,945 college undergraduates, we report on the association between having received Green Dot active bystander behavior training and the frequency of actual and observed self-reported active bystander behaviors as well as violence acceptance norms. Of 2,504 students aged 18 to 26 who completed the survey, 46% had heard a Green Dot speech on campus, and 14% had received active bystander training during the past 2 years. Trained students had significantly lower rape myth acceptance scores than did students with no training. Trained students also reported engaging in significantly more bystander behaviors and observing more self-reported active bystander behaviors when compared with nontrained students. When comparing self-reported active bystander behavior scores of students trained with students hearing a Green Dot speech alone, the training was associated with significantly higher active bystander behavior scores. Those receiving bystander training appeared to report more active bystander behaviors than those simply hearing a Green Dot speech, and both intervention groups reported more observed and active bystander behaviors than nonexposed students.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)777-796
Number of pages20
JournalViolence Against Women
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2011


  • bystander strategies
  • campus violence
  • college students
  • prevention
  • sexual violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Law


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