Evaluation of nutrient utilization in the canine using the ileal cannulation technique

J. A. Walker, D. L. Harmon, K. L. Gross, G. F. Collings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations


Nine mature mongrel dogs were used to evaluate a surgical technique for the cannulation of the terminal ileum and used in two experiments to determine the effect of carbohydrate source on starch and dry matter digestion. Dogs (16.2 ± 2.0 kg body weight; means ± SD) were fitted with an ileal T-cannula constructed of polyvinyl chloride pipe. The cannula was inserted into the terminal ileum ~10 cm proximal to the ileocecal junction and the cannula was exteriorized through a small incision on the right flank. Dogs recovered quickly from surgery (5 d). A preliminary study using Cr:EDTA in the food indicated that sampling for 12 h postprandially allowed near complete representation of digesta flow for a meal; peak flow occurred 4- to 8-h postfeeding. Two experiments were performed evaluating the effect of carbohydrate source on ileal starch and dry matter digestibility. Dogs were fed two meals daily with Cr2O3 used as a digesta marker. Diets contained 67% extruded grain (corn, rice, oats or barley) and 33% canned meat supplement on a dry matter basis. Starch digestion was complete (>98%) within the small intestine and was unaffected by carbohydrate source. In experiment 1, prececal and total tract dry matter digestibilities were higher for rice than corn, and in experiment 2, barley was higher than oats. The ileal T- cannula allows for measurement of small intestinal nutrient disappearance without the confounding effects of colonic microflora. This method may be useful when applied to the study of other nutrients in dogs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2672S-2676S
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Issue number12 SUPPL.
StatePublished - 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


Dive into the research topics of 'Evaluation of nutrient utilization in the canine using the ileal cannulation technique'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this