Evaluation of potential impacts to stream and ground water due to underground coal mining

Christopher Newman, Zacharias Agioutantis, Gabriel Boede Jimenez Leon

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Ground movements due to longwall mining operations have the potential to damage the hydrological balance within as well as outside the mine permit area in the form of increased surface ponding and changes to hydrogeological properties. Recently, the Office of Surface Mining, Reclamation and Enforcement has completed a public comment period on a newly proposed rule for the protection of streams and groundwater from adverse impacts of surface and underground mining operations (80 FR 44435). With increased community and regulatory focus on mining operations and their potential to adversely affect streams and groundwater, there is now a greater need for better prediction of the possible effects mining has on both surface and sub surface bodies of water. As mining induced stress and strain within the overburden is correlated to changes in the hydrogeological properties of rock and soil, this paper investigates the evaluation of the hydrogeological system within the vicinity of an underground mining operation based on strain values calculated through a surface deformation prediction model. Through accurate modeling of the pre- and post-mining hydrogeological system, industry personnel can better depict mining induced effects on ground water flows through the overburden material aiding in the optimization underground extraction sequences while maintaining the integrity of surface and subsurface bodies of water.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication35th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining 2016
EditorsThomas M. Barczak, Syd S. Peng, Stephen C. Tadolini, Donna Schmidt
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781510860292
StatePublished - 2016
Event35th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining 2016 - Morgantown, United States
Duration: Jul 26 2016Jul 28 2016

Publication series

Name35th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining 2016


Conference35th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining 2016
Country/TerritoryUnited States

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study is sponsored by the Appalachian Research Initiative for Environmental Science (ARIES). The views, opinions and recommendations expressed in this paper are solely those of the authors and do not imply any endorsement by ARIES employees or other ARIES-affiliated researchers. The authors would also like to thank the reviewers of this paper for their diligence in technically reviewing this work.

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © (2016) by Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration (SME). All rights reserved.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology


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