Evaluation of process performance for sustainable hard machining

Giovanna Rotella, Domenico Umbrello, Oscar W. Dillon, I. S. Jawahir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


This paper aims to evaluate the sustainability performance of machining operation of through-hardening steel, AISI 52100, taking into account the impact of the material removal process in its various aspects. Experiments were performed for dry and cryogenic cutting conditions using chamfered cubic boron nitride (CBN) tool inserts at varying cutting conditions (cutting speed and feed rate). Cutting forces, mechanical power, tool wear, white layer thickness, surface roughness and residual stresses were investigated in order to evaluate the effects of extreme in-process cooling on the machined surface. The results indicate that cryogenic cooling has the potential to be used for surface integrity enhancement for improved product life and more sustainable functional performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)989-998
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Advanced Mechanical Design, Systems and Manufacturing
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2012


  • Cryogenic cooling
  • Hard machining
  • Sustainable production

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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