Evaluation of results with three-point visualization of zygomaticomaxillary complex fractures

Larry J. Peterson, Glenn J. Makowski, Joseph E. Van Sickels

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Objective.: To retrospectively evaluate the results of three-point visualization and liberal rigid fixation for the treatment of unilateral zygomaticomaxillary fractures by assessing the incidence and severity of complications. Study design.: Fourteen patients were examined an average of 19 months after 3-point visualization with multiple points or rigid fixation for their unilateral zygomaticomaxillary fractures. Patients were evaluated for asymmetry in globe position, superior tarsal fold size, diplopia, lateral canthus height, and malar projection. Results.: The following were found: two patients with significant changes in globe position, none with diplopia in direct gaze, two with diplopia in extreme gazes, two with severe tarsal fold asymmetry, five with mild tarsal fold asymmetry, and two with noticeable malar asymmetry. Conclusion.: Three-point visualization and liberal rigid fixation for zygomaticomaxillary fracture treatment results in a low incidence of complications that are proportional in severity to the trauma sustained.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)624-628
Number of pages5
JournalOral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • General Dentistry


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